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Dataspring

From the late 1990s until 2011 CCHPR ran Dataspring, a large dedicated research and consultancy unit specialising in UK social housing data, particularly stock and rents data. The unit has since been absorbed into the mainstream activity of the Centre.

 

Dataspring had particular expertise in the stock and rents data provided by housing associations in their Regulatory Statistical Returns (RSR) to the Housing Corporation and its successor, the Tenant Services Authority. Indeed, it received generous funding from those bodies. In return Dataspring produced numerous analytical reports and provided advice and guidance on the collection and uses of the data. Dataspring research outputs are shown below.

For many years Dataspring made the data available interactively enabling those working on the sector to access information at local, regional and national levels. These included cross tenure comparisons of rents as well as a time-series stock database that showed stock by type, size, area etc. While we no longer support interactive access the underlying tables are made available below under Guide to Local Rents 2001-2010 and Profile of the Housing Association Sector 2002-2010

Dataspring Projects

2001 Census briefing paper series
Three reports published during 2003 and 2004 using data from the 2001 Census and Regulatory Statistical Returns.
A matter of choice? RSL rents and home ownership: a comparison of costs
This Sector Study examines the gap between the weekly costs of home ownership and RSL rents over the last decade and how this varies across the country and the implications for RSLs when setting their rents.
Adapt and survive: Housing associations' response to changes in housing policy at the beginning of the new century
Using data from the Regulatory Statistical Return (RSR) and on the profile of new tenants from CORE, this paper examines recent changes in the Housing Association sector and interprets these in the light of changing emphases in government housing policy.
Affordability in the housing association sector
This project looks at the affordability in the housing associating (HA) sector. It also compares the position of HA tenants with those in the private rented and owner-occupier sector.
Almshouse Charities
Almshouse charities have been active in providing social housing, mostly for older people, for centuries. This project looks at the profile of almshouse charities registered with the Tenant Services Authority.
Comparative analysis of private and social sectors’ rates of return 2007-2009
These papers compare the findings on RSL sector and the private rented sector to provide a clear picture of the extent to which rent and rate of return differentials vary by area, type, etc.
Comparing the costs of owner occupation with RSL rents: A geographical analysis
This study examines changes in house prices, RSL rents and the comparative costs of low cost home ownership and RSL renting over the decade 1989/90 to 1998/99.
Comparison of stock, rents and service charges among different types of social landlords
This project draws comparisons of stock, rents and service charges between four different types of social landlord; Traditional mixed funded Registered Social Landlords (RSLs); RSLs who have taken over local authority stock via Large Scale Voluntary Transfer; Local authorities (retention LAs); and Arms Length Management Organisations (ALMOs).
Defining the size of the housing association sector
This project grew out of the need to review the definitions used to calculate the size of the housing association sector.
Detailed analysis of the current pattern of RSL rents 2007-2009
As a baseline of reviewing the rent restructuring regime of 2000, this paper analyses the current pattern of key variables for registered social landlord (RSL) rents at detailed geographical levels. It also assessed current RSL rent patterns in terms of size effects and local effects.
Estimating rates of return on private sector rents: 1996/97 to 2005/06
This paper analyses the relationship between private sector rents and house prices in order to examine the viability of the sector in that rents are the only form of return available to the private sector landlord.
Estimating rates of return on private sector rents
The original reason for this research was to assess the extent to which it would be appropriate to use lower quartile house prices as a surrogate for private rents in regional and local analysis in the light of the difficulties in obtaining Rent Officer Service data on the rents they determine for Housing Benefit purposes.
Estimating rates of return on social sector rents
This paper analyses the relationship between social sector rents and house prices in order to examine the viability of the sector. Rents are the only form of return available to the social sector landlord (unlike in the private sector where capital gains are relevant).
Getting rents right
The main purpose of this study was to assess the use of the Continuous Recording system of lettings and sales (CORE) by registered social landlords as a tool to use when measuring affordability.
Guide to local rents 2001-2010
Producing a guide to local rents was a Dataspring project funded by the Tenant Services Authority, for which outputs were published from 2001 until 2010. Parts I, II and III together provided the data to undertake comparisons of rents geographically for all three rented sectors (local authority, housing association and private rented), between individual housing associations and between individual local authorities.
Housing association rents and service charges for supported housing and housing for older people
Average housing association rents and service charges for the combined categories, supported housing and housing for older people , by local authority area were collected by the Housing Corporation for the first time in 2005. This project looked in detail at these figures.
Housing association sector trends
The housing association sector trends project brought together 15 years of data from the Regulatory and Statistical Return, the annual census of housing associations registered with the Tenants Services Authority to form a cohesive relational database. This gives added value to the data as it can be used for time series analysis to determine trends in the housing association sector and relate these to changes in policy, finance and regulation. Such data is also useful for scenario planning for future directions.
Housing association service charges for general needs housing
This project examined how service charges applied to general needs stock by housing associations varied between different property types and sizes, and between types of association.
Housing association service charges and their relationship to rents
This project examined housing association service charges and their relationship to rents. Understanding the relationship between rents and service charges is important for all stakeholders in the housing association sector. Tenants need to budget for their housing costs by understanding what elements of those costs relate to rent and service charges and which elements of these costs can be met from housing benefit payments.
Housing association stock managed pending transfer into ownership
This report used Regulatory and Statistical Return (RSR) data for 2002 to provide some base data on the number of housing associations and units involved in this type of stock management. It broke data down between types and sizes of association to examine which associations were most involved in this type of stock management.
Low Cost Home Ownership in different housing markets
The government has identified the need to concentrate investment, both public and private, in the provision of low-cost homeownership (LCHO) as first time buyers find it more and more difficult to access owner-occupation through traditional open market routes. New initiatives are concerned with increasing the role of private finance through equity mortgages as well as providing a range of shared ownership schemes aimed at key workers and pressure areas. This raises important issues for both private finance institution and government: the institutions are taking on new risks about which they know little, while government wishes to target assistance closely on those who cannot achieve owner-occupation in other ways.
Multiplication and division: the distribution of stock between landlords in the housing association sector
This Sector Study builds on the earlier report 'Sector Study 10: The spatial distribution of general needs housing associations and their stock'. This report uses the same measures of concentration to compare distribution of all social housing stock between social landlords within local authorities. It therefore provides a measure of the effect of large scale voluntary transfer on HAs and tenants in transfer LAs in terms of stock distribution and choice.
Regional and sub-regional analyses: Residential mobility of social tenants and those entering Low Cost Home Ownershipin the north of England
This study concentrates on four aspects of household mobility in the northern regions:The results reflect a generally immobile sector across all regions in the north with very little systematic pattern in terms of the mobility that does occur.
Registered social landlords and changes in rent
This was the third annual analysis of registered social landlords' performance in limiting rent increases. It was also the first in the series of Sector Studies (Research and Good Practice).
Residential mobility of social tenants and households entering Low Cost Home Ownership (LCHO): A comparison of London and the Northern Regions
This report compares the residential mobility of social tenants and households entering LCHO in London with mobility in the northern regions of England.
RSL Rents: Evidence from the Existing Tenants Survey 2000: Dataspring Discussion Paper 6
This report draws on the Existing Tenants Survey to examine rents in the social housing sector.
Supported housing and housing for older people
The evaluation of the changes relating to Sheltered and Supported Housing will take place from September 2005 to the end of January 2006. The first stage will be a quantitative analysis clarifying whether the changes are as expected and therefore whether what has been asked for is what has been reported. This is particularly important in relation to the time series data. In the second stage, any evidence of significant differences will the analysed through interviews with relevant HAs. Depending on the problems encountered there will be a third stage involving a series of interviews with associations where major changes in categorisation have occurred and those who have experienced little change – to assess whether the new definitions reflect real differences; how demands vary between categories of housing; and housing association attitudes to the definitions now they have been operationalized.
Target rents 2004-2011
This series of papers looked at rent restructuring and housing association movement towards target rents during the period 2004 to 2011.
The growing importance of group structure arrangements in the housing association sector in England
This briefing paper reviews the nature and complexity of HA group structures and their activities in terms of what was learnt about their operational realities, their impact on the current statistical profile of the sector and the implications of this for the TSA (then Housing Corporation) in any review of their approach to groups.
The impact of the large scale voluntary transfer of local authority housing stock on the housing association sector
This Sector Study examines the growth and spread of Large Scale Voluntary Transfer (LSVT) associations, their effect on the housing association stock profile at district level, the changes in vacancy rates associated with the transfer of stock needing renovation and the difference in tenant profiles of LSVT and non-LSVT associations.

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The potential for Time Credits to generate public health outcomes – interim report published

Jul 08, 2016

A report detailing the interim findings from the evaluation of the public health outcomes of the Cambridgeshire Time Credits project in Wisbech has just been published.

Experimental review of the Cambridge Travel to Work Area (TTWA) as a tool for informing local housing policy - including a study of the Ely housing market in the context of the Cambridge TTWA

Jun 23, 2016

Travel To Work Areas are used primarily to understand local labour markets, but are also used in housing planning. However, TTWAs do not allow for overlap. Taking Cambridge as their example Chihiro Udagawa and Dr Paul Sanderson identify commuting areas for Cambridge that lie within the boundaries of other employment hubs. Their study suggests care should be taken when using TTWAs for housing planning purposes.

New research into housing for young people published

Jun 23, 2016

A new report into what Local Authorities and Housing Associations in Wales can do to increase the economically viable provision of affordable accommodation for young single people under 35 in the social housing sector.

Wisbech Time Credits – individual member case studies show impact of volunteering on health outcomes

May 12, 2016

This report is the first of a series of papers on emerging findings from the evaluation. It draws on in depth face to face interviews with Time Credit members.

Health outcomes of place based approaches to building community cohesion: Time Credits in England – research presented by Dr Burgess at AAG conference in San Francisco

May 05, 2016

Dr Gemma Burgess presented a paper at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting/Geography and Urban Health Symposium in San Francisco in April.

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