The Ward Penalty in Birmingham
The Barrow Cadbury Trust approached Land Economy and CCHPR to conduct an investigation into the relationships between race, place and poverty in Birmingham. The study begins from the observation that many of the highly deprived parts of the city, particularly the inner urban areas, are also those with large minority ethnic populations. The research is looking at why people are concentrated into particular deprived parts of the city, and whether and how different ethnic groups experience greater disadvantage as a result of living in those places. The study uses historical data on migration, housing and economic restructuring to understand the current position of neighbourhoods. Interviews have also been carried out with young adults in two case-study areas, Nechells and Sparkbrook, to understand the effect of locality on growing up and daily life. The Trust recently extended the work into 2009 by commissioning two additional case studies on predominantly white deprived neighbourhoods in Birmingham.